José Guadalupe Posada Print Collection ➔ El Fin del Mundo es ya Cierto, Todos Serán Calaveras Adiós, Todos los Vivientes Ahora sé fue de Versa (The End of the World is Now Sure, Everyone Will be Skulls,Goodbye to All the Living This Time it Truly has Come.)
Height: 15.75 in
Width: 11.75 in
The title, "El Fin del Mundo es ya Cierto, Todos Serán Calaveras Adiós, Todos los Vivientes Ahora sé fue de Versa" means "The End of the World is Now Sure, Everyone Will be Skulls,Goodbye to All the Living This Time it Truly has Come". The image is in black with a border and is double sided.
Front: The top of the image has the title and below this is an image of two volcanoes and several hills, and the volcanoes have skeletons shooting out of them in the flames. There is a storm in the sky with lightning and skulls in the clouds. There are skeletons on the ground who are standing in fear and praying. To the right there is a skeleton coming up from a hole in the ground wearing a veil. Below the image there are two columns of poetry and three small drawings to the left, center, and right of them. The drawings are of skeletons sitting in a chair watching something on a table, sitting on a shooting star, and looking through a telescope. Below this are three columns of text.
Back: There is a title, "Un Recuerdo, Mis Amigos Del que ya es hoy calavera", and the image of a funeral for a skeleton. The attendees are also all skeletons wearing various styles of clothing, both expensive and common clothes. The are looking around a skeleton in the center lying on a coffin with a towel over him. The group on the left are running away.Down the sides there are drawings of skulls with various hats and small ornate shapes between. Below this there are four columns of text that are broken up by small drawings of skeletons.
Posada is a Mexican engraver and lithographer best known for his "calaveras", which often assume various costumes, such as the Calavera de la Catrina, the "Calavera of the Female Dandy", which was meant to satirize the life of the upper classes during the reign of Porfirio Díaz. Most of his imagery was meant to make a religious or satirical point. Since his death, however, his images have become associated with the Mexican holiday Día de los Muertos, the "Day of the Dead". He started out making comics for a local Mexican newspaper in Aguascalientes called "El Jicote" (The Bumblebee), which was discontinued after one of his comics severely offended a powerful politician.