Current Location:
Shelf 3D (PDC) -> Posada Print Collection Box 011
Location Notes:
PDC; Section 3; Shelf D; Posada Print Collection Box 011

José Guadalupe Posada Print Collection ➔ Calaveras del Montón (Skulls of the Pile)

circa 1900
Artworks - Height: 16 in Width: 11.5 in
The title, "Calaveras del Montón" means"Skulls of the Pile". In the background there is a trolley car that was incorporated into the city in the later half of Posada's life and he was deeply critical, often depicting the deaths and accident that it caused in the streets. The image is in black ink with a border around all of the sides. The title is at the top of the page and below there is a Skeleton making eye contact with a skeleton laying on the ground. There are dozens and dozens of skulls on the ground in piles. In the distance there is a trolley car with skeletons on it. There is a fence with a gate, making it seem like this is a cemetery. Below this image there are four columns of text.
Historical Context:
Posada is a Mexican engraver and lithographer best known for his "calaveras", which often assume various costumes, such as the Calavera de la Catrina, the "Calavera of the Female Dandy", which was meant to satirize the life of the upper classes during the reign of Porfirio Díaz. Most of his imagery was meant to make a religious or satirical point. Since his death, however, his images have become associated with the Mexican holiday Dí­a de los Muertos, the "Day of the Dead". He started out making comics for a local Mexican newspaper in Aguascalientes called "El Jicote" (The Bumblebee), which was discontinued after one of his comics severely offended a powerful politician.