La Gran Calavera de Emiliano Zapata (The Great Skeleton of Emiliano Zapata)
Medium:Giclée (Original is in the GVSU Permanent Collection)
Height: 11 in
Width: 17 in
A: Skeleton on a very sickly horse. B: Two skeleton men.
José Guadalupe Posada was a Mexican engraver and lithographer best known for his "calaveras" ("skeletons"), which often assume various costumes, such as the "Calavera de la Catrina" ("Skeleton of the Female Dandy"), which was meant to satirize the life of the upper classes during the reign of Porfirio Díaz. Most of his imagery was meant to make a religious or satirical point. Since his death however, his images have become associated with the Mexican holiday Día de los Muertos ("Day of the Dead"). He started out making comics for a local Mexican newspaper of Aguascalientes called "El Jicote" ("The Bumblebee"), which was discontinued after one of his comics severely offended a powerful politician.'
Emiliano Zapata –– He was a military figure, who led a group from Morelos called the Zapatistas. They fought alongside Madero, but when Madero became president he disbanded Zapatistas to be just simple bandits.