Diamond Pattern Adire Eleso (or Stitch-Dyed) from Liberia

Artwork
Identifier:
2021.53.15
Artist:
Artist Unknown
Credit:
Gift of Barbara Paxon
Medium:
Kola-Nut Brown and Indigo Dyed Damask Cotton Fabric
Date:
1970s
Dimensions:
Artworks - Height: 49.75" Width: 65"
Description:
Large piece of cotton fabric dyed in variou shades of brown, black and small areas of dark blue. Diamond shaped pattern with smallest diamond at the center, lines radiate outwards from center.
Historical Context:
Adire Eleso textiles are indigo-dyed cloths dyed using a resist-dying technique used to create patterns in blue and white. The patterns are created by tightly sewing together parts of a cotton fabric that would resist color during an indigo dye bath. The artists used a needle and raffia strings or cotton threads, some of which are still visible, to sew the pleats together. They also employed a technique in which pebbles are sewn into the fabric to create the vibrant chain-like effect. The style was traditionally made and worn by women throughout the Yoruba region of south-western Nigeria, West Africa.