Adire Eleso (Stitch Dyed) Cloth from Yoruba, Nigeria

Artwork
Identifier:
2021.53.14ab
Artist:
Artist Unknown
Credit:
Gift of Barbara Paxon
Medium:
Indigo Dyed Cotton Fabric
Date:
1960s
Dimensions:
Artworks - Height: 33.5" Width: 64.5"
Note: each
Description:
Two pieces of fabric that look like they are tie-dyed. Colors range from dark blue, to bright blue to near white in diagonal stripes that meet along the center of each piece of fabric.
Historical Context:
Adire Eleso textiles are indigo-dyed cloths dyed using a resist-dying technique used to create patterns in blue and white. The patterns are created by tightly sewing together parts of a cotton fabric that would resist color during an indigo dye bath. The artists used a needle and raffia strings or cotton threads, some of which are still visible, to sew the pleats together. They also employed a technique in which pebbles are sewn into the fabric to create the vibrant chain-like effect. The style was traditionally made and worn by women throughout the Yoruba region of south-western Nigeria, West Africa.