Iranian Qibla Compass
Metal box shaped compass with a hook at the top. Compass it on one side with multiple circular designs around it and Arabic writing. Decorative pattern etched into the sides. Bac side has a grid layout with more Arabic.
This compass is used to find the direction of Mecca (Qibla). On one side is a list of cities, the other side has their coordinates. Pilgrimage is universal. The annual pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) is well known. Devout Muslims face Mecca when they pray. Compasses such as this Iranian instrument helped identify the direction of prayer (qibla). Pilgrimages are also made to regional sites, such as Al-Kazimiyya Shrine in Iraq. Local areas have their own holy places; many predate Islam.