Rosa Bonheur was a French animaliÃ¨re, realist artist, and sculptor. An animaliÃ¨re is an artist who specializes in, or is known for, their skill in the realistic portrayal of animals. Due to a tendency in 1980s-1990s academic criticism to locate Bonheur as a proto-Feminist, she is perhaps most famous today because she was known for wearing men's clothing and living with women. Her work and artistic talent has now become somewhat secondary in importance to her manner of dress, her choice of companions and her penchant for smoking cigarettes. She is widely considered to have been the most famous woman painter of the nineteenth century.
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