John James Audubon was a French-American ornithologist (branch of zoology that concerns the study of birds), naturalist, hunter and painter. He is most famous for painting, cataloging and describing bird species of North America. He was born in 1785 in Les Cayes, Haiti, in the former colony of Saint-Domingue, on his father's sugar plantation. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1903 to avoid being drafted into the Napoleonic wars. Audubon's influence on Mid-North American ornithology and natural history was substantial, despite some errors in field observations, and his field notes comprised a significant contribution to the understanding of bird anatomy and behavior. Audobon's artwork was said to "represent the new American nation of the United States."